The democratic leader makes decisions by consulting his team, but maintains control over the group activities. The reasons are articulated with characteristic feature of transformational leadership. Effective leaders make good use of informal communication to fill gaps in transmitting formal messages. The motivational forces are fear, threats and punishments (i.e., negative motivation) which extract bare minimum output from the workers. This is called consulting type of leadership style. A good leader must have some leadership qualities. Based on these situational variables, leaders adopt one of the following four leadership styles: The leader tells the subordinates what he expects from them. This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 4 pages. Theories 6. 500+ Words Essay on Leadership. Being aware of one’s weaknesses better equip people to “challenge themselves to apply new skills and improve themselves through practice” (p.303, The change process can be smoothly carried out by overcoming factors that produce resistance to change. Being the most significant characteristic that defines leadership, positive attitude is essential energy that a leader must have. Delegating tasks in order to implement the new procedure (delegative). 2. (b) They feel frustrated and dissatisfied which can affect organisational productivity. More the information one has about the organisation structure, more is his informational power. An employee knows that his superiors have power to issue him directions. 2596 Words 11 Pages. He can allow them to work on their own so that leader can perform other strategic functions (resource mobilisation, networking with other organisations, boundary management, expanding work etc.). Their innovative and creative capacities are, therefore, explored. The growth of the organization solely depends on the influence of leadership in organization. The victory of a war depends on good leadership skills. A person becomes a leader because of his personal qualities. (b) Characteristics of the environment and the workplace: The nature of task largely determines the leadership style. The word leadership has a broader meaning itself. As the leader is competent and a good coach, the employee is motivated to learn new skills. In such a situation, leader has power and group members are ready to be directed by the leader. Horizontal axis represents concern for production and vertical axis represents concern for people. This represents low concern for production and high concern for people. Which I believe is a good thing. If they do not like each other, a friendly approach may not work. The rating was based on liking or disliking of working with others in the group measured along factors like pleasant-unpleasant, friendly-unfriendly etc. Characteristic of a Leader: – Generally a leader is full of some leadership skills. Leadership essay example for scholarship pdf Leadership essay conclusion. Warren Bennis conducted a study of 90 leaders and their subordinates and concluded that all the 90 leaders had the following four traits in common: The power of leaders to attract the attention of followers. DoMyEssay can write essays for you on any topics you need. An educational institution, a charitable organisation, military organisation, hospital or a family at home require leadership sometime or the other. The data collected on their behaviour revealed that the boys were attracted more by the democratic style than the other two styles of leadership. Leader gives moral support to employees. This reduces employee turnover and absenteeism. The leader plays minor role in affecting the group goals. When people are familiar with autocratic leadership and, therefore, have less trouble adopting that style. It represents somewhat predictable actions of leaders which followers can predict in specific situations. If employees are willing to be influenced by others and accept their directions, task-oriented style can be adopted but if they feel they can manage situations themselves, they prefer employee-oriented leadership style. High LPC rating managers (where people rate their co-workers high or favourable) adopt employee-oriented leadership style and low LPC rating managers (where people rate their co-workers low or in unfavourable terms) perform better when task-oriented leadership style is adopted. — Dwight D. Eisenhower Eisenhower’s definition of leadership is veraciously on the mark, particularly in the context of an educational setting. School or college unions have produced many efficient leaders in our country. Employee-oriented approach towards the group, thus, produced results better than the production-oriented approach. A person becomes a leader because of his personal qualities. Subordinates accept them as leaders because they perceive them as sources of satisfying their social and psychological needs besides the formal organisational needs. Leader behaviour is directed towards accomplishment of the task. These are motivation – communication – interaction – influence – decision making – goal setting and control. Management, Leadership, Essay, Functions, Direction, Components. Leaders are believed to be those who have good physical appearance, are brighter than others, extrovert and confident in nature. Personality of a leader and leadership style in the past also determine the style he should adopt in future. When followers bestow confidence in leaders, leaders’ expert and referent power increases which further increases interaction between them and the followers. Subordinates follow their instructions with commitment, dedication and loyalty and not mere compliance. As a result of the readings/videos, assignments, and discussions I was enlightened that situational factors can a strong effect on leadership. If the leader finds that one of the elements is present (competence, commitment or team work), the leader gives credit to people for that aspect, encourages them, and continues to guide in other aspects. (4) 5,5 Middle of the road or organisation man management: In this style of leadership, leaders satisfy both, organisational (production) and human needs through moderate concern for production and people. When leaders invite suggestions from followers, they feel motivated to participate in the decision-making processes. Details. This style of leadership suffers from the following limitations: (a) Consulting subordinates every time a decision is made is time consuming. The followers tend to behave as they are behaved with. It was based on studies conducted on some successful leaders and using their traits as parameters for defining who is a successful leader. ‘Women in leadership’ is a phenomena that has obtained many attention over the past couple of years. As maturity level increases, readiness to do the work also increases. This represents a style where leader has low concern for both people and production. Subordinates will not be loyal if leaders are not supportive. Here … 3. The organisation structure, the form of departmentalisation, the extent of centralisation and decentralisation, desires of the top management, effectiveness of various committees and work groups (both formal and informal), determine the leadership style to a large extent. Leaders should not just follow the precedents but think of new and innovative ways of doing things. Superiors show some confidence in their subordinates. People are either willing but not able (low to moderate maturity) or able but not willing (moderate to high maturity) to perform the task. Terms of Service 7. A good leader is always courageous, punctual, hardworking, fluent, wise and flexible. They are prepared to accept instructions of the leader and prefer to do what leader tells them to do. Personality characteristics include intelligence, dominance, confidence etc. Image Guidelines 4. It describes the degree to which followers have faith and confidence in the leader. Major decisions are made at the top and some routine decisions are taken at the lower levels. Employees become less resistant to change as they understand the benefits of change. Leadership case study pdf for buffet essay warren. Laissez-faire leadership style can be diagrammatically represented as follows: The following table highlights the characteristics of different leadership styles: Researches have revealed that performance in terms of quantity of work is the least in laissez- faire leader ship style and it is almost the same in autocratic and democratic styles of leadership. Managerial grid has the following implications: a. Leaders help the followers accomplish the organisational tasks. This is the power of leader derived by virtue of his position in the organisation. The power of leaders to develop faith and trust amongst the followers. They have authority by virtue of their position in the organisation. Even on the basis of these traits, one cannot always say that those who possess these traits are always successful leaders. (d) Workers’ potential remains unexploited. Leadership is important because of the following reasons: Leaders support their followers by assembling organisational resources and help them accomplish their tasks and meet the standards of performance. Use all Three: Telling employees that a procedure is not working correctly and a new one must be established (authoritarian). Content Guidelines 2. It is “the ability to persuade others to seek defined objectives enthusiastically.”, “Leadership is the process of influencing others to work towards the attainment of specific goals.”, “Leadership is the relationship in which the leader influences others to work together willingly on related tasks to attain goals desired by the leader and/or group.”. Fiedler’s contingency model has three elements: c. Relationship between leadership style and situational variables. Forces that influence the style to be used: 2. Dynamic and effective leadership leads an organisation towards success. Leaders have the desire to seek success in their jobs as leaders. b) Leader promotes sharing of decision – making than taking the decisions alone. A great leader should be always committed and passionate about his Job. However, it is not possible for them to do so. The goal is attained by mutual cooperation and cohesive behaviour. The following table highlights the points of difference between formal and informal leaders: Some of the popular theories of leadership are: Trait is the personal quality of an individual. Though successful leaders can be identified with certain traits, traits cannot always be identified with the success of a leader. Managers are different from leaders. This approach may be inappropriate if team members specialise in their area of interest, have the ability to understand the problem and the situation demands innovative solutions or on-the-spot decision making. The way an individual perceives himself as a leader, the source of power, his attitude towards subordinates, attitude towards work; extent to which he wants to retain authority and how much he is willing to delegate to subordinates, his value systems and similar drives influence the leadership style. Leaders are role models for their followers. Size: 135 kB. Today Team GuideToExam has crafted a number of essays on leadership for you. Communication is both downward and upward. You have entered an incorrect email address! Maintaining a dependable leadership structure is key to the success of any organization. No specific combination of traits was found to differentiate leaders from non-leaders. Individuals who emerged as leaders could not be identified on the basis of common traits. Rensis Likert’s Four Systems of Management: A common set of traits and behaviour cannot be identified with successful leadership. In this situation, it is easy for the leader to exercise control over fellow workers. Again it can also be said that leadership is an art of motivating a group or people in order to achieve a common goal. Four styles of leadership or systems are developed by Rensis Likert on the basis of leader behaviour based on seven variables. 2. Today Team GuideToExam has crafted a number of essays on leadership for you. Four leadership styles arising out of two leader behaviours are shown as follows: This approach to leadership style was developed in 1960s by Robert Blake and Jane Mouton. Leader enjoys this power by virtue of his expertise and skill. The following factors contribute to effective leadership: Leaders who deal with non-committed employees are effective if they adopt autocratic style of leadership. (d) Low consideration – High initiating structure. Leaders, who have well-developed decision-making ability, can make perfect choice from a number of options. 3. Copyright 10. Leaders are concerned more with task or production and less with people. Where employees are not in close contact with their superiors, autocratic or initiating structure may be more effective than a situation where employees are in close and continuous interaction with their superiors. 1. They use informal communication as a device to correct misinformation rather than spread rumours. If a person doesn’t know how to communicate with his team members effectively, he can never be a good leader. It varies according to the requirements of the situation. They also help the followers to achieve the targets. Great leaders inspire others. The leader, therefore, continues to emphasise on high task orientation but as employees’ willingness to do the job increases, they also emphasize on high relationship-oriented behaviour. In the long-run, it may lead to dissatisfaction and frustration amongst workers. To be a good leader a person needs to have some leadership qualities. Leadership is a function of leader, follower and situation. Though the leader has ultimate responsibility for the task, he shares it with followers. (d) Achievement-oriented leader behaviour: Leaders set challenging goals for employees and promote their confidence to achieve them. Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organisation to make it cohesive and coherent. Leaders exploit human potential and transform it into output. 2. Leadership is different from management. Introduction to leadership essay: – Leadership is a special quality that can’t be found in every person. First of all, Leadership refers to the quality of leading people. If people agree to be led and influenced by someone, that person can be called a leader. “Zeal is ardor, earnestness and intensity in the execution of work; confidence reflects experience and technical ability.” The ability to influence the behaviour of others is known as leadership. The emphasis was, thus, on employee-oriented approach towards the leadership style. If work is to be accomplished in a group, the leader also assesses the maturity level of the group besides that of individuals. Internals relate rewards to their efforts and performance and externals believe that rewards occur by chance or factors beyond their control. They are highly motivated to achieve their targets and are directed by self-control. b. (d) For leaders to be successful, their traits should match those of their followers so that decision-making process is effectively planned and implemented. A leader enjoys this power because of his skills and traits. Leadership in organization creates a crystal clear vision for the organization. This approach lowers the labour absenteeism and turnover rate and provides high job satisfaction, high morale and high contribution to productivity. You can also use these leadership essays to craft a paragraph on leadership or an article on leadership as well. It’s not necessary that each member of a team will have the same approach, but imbibing a positive attitude in each of them can put an idea to life, regardless of the difficulty. A leader is not expected to know everything — this is why he employs knowledgeable and skillful employees. It is the power to give rewards in the form of bonus, increments, promotion etc. Leadership occurs in all formal and informal situations. In complex situations, leaders should be able to decide about the right course of action. I mention Hesse and Journey to the East for two reasons. Leadership in management is required to maintain a smooth relation between the authority and the employees. It helps managers in identifying the combination of people and task reflected in their leadership style. Employees offer suggestions and feel they are part of the organisation. Leaders normally adopt the style that subordinates want them to adopt. Tannenbaum and Schmidt’s Leadership Continuum. Findings similar to Iowa Studies were observed in Michigan Studies also. Leadership is not related to business organisations only. In total there are seven types of leadership styles. Two dimensions of leader behaviour were identified: Consideration is “behaviour indicative of friendship, mutual trust, respect, and warmth in the relationship between the leader and the members of his staff.”, Initiating structure is “the leader’s behaviour in delineating the relationship between himself and members of the work group and in endeavoring to establish well-defined pattern of organisation, channels of communication and methods of production.”. Use delegate style with workers who know more about the job than the leader. 5. It is more of a laissez faire management style. The performance of group members can be easily controlled. They make followers realize their capabilities and guide, counsel and coach them whenever necessary. The extreme right democratic style assumes that leaders derive power from expert or referent sources and workers belong to Theory Y set of assumptions. If subordinates carry out instructions because of legitimate, reward or coercive power of leaders, they would treat them as successful but not effective leaders. People have to be guided to contribute to goals with zeal and confidence. The leader adopts a task-oriented leadership style. Hope, the students from different standards get benefited from this essay. Personal Leadership and Profile Essay The first part of becoming a great leader is becoming conscious of self by identifying your strengths and weaknesses. This is to gain advantage for the best interest of the organisation and its employees. Some of the appropriate conditions when this style is used are: 1. Rewards are the motivating force that motivate them to behave in a positive manner. A salary cut or a vacation cut can enforce people conform to directions of the leaders. Employee-oriented style aims to complete the task through friendly behaviour towards the followers and allowing them to participate in the decision-making processes. 4. Edwin Ghiselli conducted a study and identified the following six traits that identify successful leaders: Leaders have the ability to supervise, control and coordinate the activities of subordinates. 4. Leadership styles depict combination of freedom and authority in varying degrees. The leadership style is different for different situations. Effective leaders help them to achieve personal goals along with organisational goals. In contrast, if the task is unstructured, goals are not well defined, ways of achieving goals are also not defined, leader and followers do not know what is to be performed by whom, it becomes difficult for the leader to influence his followers. The leadership style is L2 or selling or supportive leadership characterised by high-task and high-relationship behaviour. This type of leadership style is called supportive type of leadership style – a combination of guidance and encouragement. leadership and management styles as drivers for change. The leader discusses the problems with the group members until joint agreement is achieved on the problem-definition. They exploit their potential to work and convert their desire into performance. "Leadership is the art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it. Leadership style is the manner in which leader supervises and directs members of the team. Some leadership skills are as follows: –. Trait theory believes that successful leader has certain personal characteristics. With this position, came yearlong membership on the school’s Leadership and S.A.T. As regards second aspect of identifying and comparing the traits of effective leaders with those of ineffective leaders, the studies have not been able to identify any set of traits which distinguish effective or successful leaders from ineffective or unsuccessful ones. This style of leadership can be successful in the short-run. The leadership style is, thus, participative where leaders continue to emphasise on high relationship-oriented behaviour but as employees are matured to manage their jobs, the emphasis on task behaviour gets reduced. They studied leader behaviour towards these work groups. Task-related functions that aim at goal accomplishment. It defines the extent to which leader engages in two-way communication, encourages and supports team members, facilitates interaction and involves the group in decision-making. Great leaders are also great communicators. Maturity level is considered only for the specific task or function. “A leader is one who conducts, acts as a guide to others in action or opinion, one who takes the lead in any enterprise or movement, one who is ‘followed’ by disciples or adherents, the most eminent member of a profession, a person of eminent position and influence.”. It was something given, or assumed, that could be taken away. Authority exercised by the leader, and. Are relationships based on respect and trust or on disrespect? Amongst a host of situational variables that affect the effectiveness of leadership style, Fiedler has identified three elements in the work situation that affect the leadership style. Looking for help with leadership papers from someone who is an expert in writing? In this essay, certain counter arguments for transformational leadership are critically analysed and a position has been adopted that transformational leadership is better in the current business atmosphere. Effectiveness of leadership style depends upon the following characteristics of subordinates: It deals with the belief of people as to whether they control the events or the events control them (they are controlled by events). (b) Suggestions given by subordinates may sometimes be better than what leaders can think of. Members follow rules with commitment and loyalty if leaders have confidence in them. They only clear the doubts of group members. (a) Effective leaders invite workers to participate in decision-making processes, and. These forces are accepted by the members for satisfying their physiological and safety needs only. According to John Quincy Adams, if the action of a person inspires others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more he is called a great leader. Leadership was bestowed upon a man who was by nature a servant. First, I want to acknowledge the As illustrated by Kelley (1998), effective followers are thinkers; energetic and assertive, self-starters, independent problem solvers, and carry out their tasks with these characteristics (p. 143). The leaders do very little to increase the morale and job satisfaction of the followers. A person can be called a leader if he has followers. Traits of effective leaders with those of ineffective leaders. He tries to understand their needs and finds ways to fulfill them. There is no best style that leaders can adopt in all situations. That his superiors have power to give rewards in the past couple of years non-leaders, it is the to! No specific list of traits can not be loyal if leaders have confidence in decision-making... Dwight D. Eisenhower Eisenhower ’ s four systems of management, a organisation... Lying between two extremes ; autocratic ( production-centred ) and democratic ( )! 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